Phillips AG in Frankfurt introduced the DUCARTIST reproduction system to the market in 1923. The DUCARTIST is the DUCA based on an 88 standard scale. Phillips has
In 1919, Hupfeld combined the further development of the DEA reproduction system with the possibilities of the 88 Phonola and developed the Triphonola. 11 years after its standardization, the Triphonola was
Music rolls for the Welte-Mignon T98 system, which was produced from 1924 onwards, are usually called "Welte green" rolls, as the paper used was usually striking green. On the red
In 1904 M. Welte & Söhne from Freiburg launched the Welte-Mignon music rolls as the first reproduction rolls on the market. The Welte-Mignon T100 reels are mostly called "Welte red".
The Hupfeld music rolls with the 88 scale were introduced from 1912 onwards and titled with the registered trademark "Animatic". Anima' derived from 'soul'. These scrolls all speak
Hupfeld was the largest supplier in Germany of artist music rolls for its own Hupfeld Phonola art playing instruments. The Phonola music rolls with the 72/73 scale were first sold from 1902 onwards
Birgit Heise and her team have published a very interesting article in the DMM (Sep 2017) - Topic: The artist contracts of Hupfeld These documents are part
Only in 1924 Welte introduced the T98 Welte green reproduction system. A music sliding block with 102 perforations (incl. music band guide) was used - the reproduction system can reproduce 88 notes